Data types

  • An audio stream is a continuous series of data that represents a sound, such as a song.

  • A channel is a discrete track of monophonic audio. A monophonic stream has one channel. A stereo stream has two channels. An audio stream that contains 5.1 surround sound will have five normal channels and one Low Frequency Enhancement (LFE) channel.

  • A sample is single numerical value in a single audio channel in an audio stream.

  • A frame is a collection of samples from the same point in time–one sample for each channel.

  • The frame rate (or sample rate) for a stream is the number of frames per second (hertz) of uncompressed audio.

Babycat stores audio as a single array of interleaved samples from channels. A waveform with two channels (e.g. left and right) are stored as: ` [L R L R L R...] ` We give every sample a two-dimensional index–first by frame and then by channel.


Babycat can resample audio from a source frame rate to a destination frame rate. Babycat also comes with several different backends that implement resampling:

  • RESAMPLE_MODE_LIBSAMPLERATE: This uses libsamplerate at its highest quality setting. However, libsamplerate is not available in Babycat’s WebAssembly bindings.

  • RESAMPLE_MODE_BABYCAT_LANCZOS: This is Babycat’s implementation of a Lanczos resampler. This is the fastest (and lowest-quality) resampler available in Babycat.

  • RESAMPLE_MODE_BABYCAT_SINC: This is Babycat’s implementation of a sinc resampler as as described by Stanford professor Julius O. Smith. The speed and quality of this resampler is in between the above two.